welsh corgi cardigan
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 Breed standard

Welsh corgi cardigan Kennel Zamok Svyatogo Angela, Moscow, Russia
welsh corgi cardigan

About welsh corgi cardigan

The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is the Corgi with a tail. They are the older of the two Corgi Breeds, and one of the earliest breeds in the British Isles. In the beginning, the Corgi came to the high country now known as Cardiganshire. They have been known in the land for more than 3,000 years. They are a member of the same family that produced the Dachshund.

The breed was used for guarding children and aiding in beating out game, which in those times was more than ordinary importance. The occupation that made the Corgi worth its weight in gold to those Welsh hillmen came at a much later period, but still hundreds of years ago. This was when the Crown owned nearly all land, and the tenant farmers were permitted to fence off only a few acres surrounding their dooryards. The rest was open country, known as common land, on which the crofter was permitted to graze his cattle. There was great competition among the crofters to secure as much as possible of this pasture land for their own uses. The Corgi was trained to perform the opposite done by the herding dogs.

Instead of herding, the Corgi would nip at their heeals and drive them as far afield as desired. Often the crofter called upon his dog to clear «his» ground of the neighbor's cattle. The dog worked the same way in either case. The crofter would stand by his gate and give a soft whistle of two notes, one high, one low. Many times the dog could not actually see the cattle he was to chase, but he would keep going as long as he could hear his owner whistle. His speed is remarkable, considering his short legs.

After the breaking up of the Crown lands, and the introduction of the new breeds, tehre was a certain amount of experimentation with crosses. The ancient dog of Bronant was crossed with the red herder, but it did not prove very successful and was not attempted many times. The brindle herder made a rather fortuitous cross. The progeny followed the dominant characertistics of the Corgi, and gained a little though the finer coat and the color of the brindle herder. Crossed later with the Collie, there was produced the breed known as the heeler.

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is much younger than the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. The Pembroke dates back to AD 1107.

In modern times there has been an effort to link the two types of Corgi under the heading of a single breed. This is far from the truth. The direct ancestors of the Pembroke were brought across the Channel by the Flemish weavers, who had been induced by Henry I of England to take up their abode in Wales. This occurred in 1107, and it stands as a sturdy cornerstone upon which the development of a breed had been built.

While weaving was one of their occupations, these Flemish people were also of an agrarian nature-and they soon had transferred to the Southwest corner of Wales. This early progenitor of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi of today has been described as having a noticeable resemblance to the old Schiperkes. It sprang from the same family that includes the Keeshond, Pomeranian, Samoyed, Chow Chow, Norwegian Elkhound and the Finnish Spitz. It has little or nothing to do with the Dachshund like the Cardigan does. In relation to the Cardigan, the Pembroke is shorter in body, the legs are straighter and lighter boned, while the coat is of finer texture. Two of the most noticeable differences are in the ears and the tail. Cardigan ears are rounded while the Pembroke's are pointed at the tip and stand erect. The Cardigan has a long tail, and the Pembroke has a short one.

The manner in which the Pembroke and the Cardigan have approached each other in appearance is not merely a matter of chance or of selective breeding. It is known that the two were crossed with each other before the middle of the 19th century.
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Welsh Corgi Cardigan Kennel